In a joint venture between Adani Mining Pty Ltd and Carmichael Rail Network Pty Ltd, the Adani Mine is an approved coal mine which recently began construction in the Galilee Basin.
Situated 160 miles north-west of Clermont in Queensland, plans include six open-cut pits and five underground coal mines. The mine is forecast to produce an estimated 60 million tonnes of coal per year.
A proposed railway line to transport the coal will cover 189 kilometres. The track will run from the mine to Moranbah and link to the existing Goonyella railway network. Subsequently, the network will lead to the coal terminals at the ports of Abbott Point and Hay Point.
In addition to the mines, the development will include coal processing and handling infrastructure, a heavy industrial section, offsite workers’ accommodation, an airport and many more developments leading to significant impact on the environment.
The initial Adani Mine project was estimated at $16.5 billion however with financial institutions reluctant to finance the development, the Indian-owned Adani Group has downsized the initial proposal and self-funded the project to the tune of $2 billion.
It’s estimated that between the construction and operational jobs of the mine, infrastructure and railway line, the project will create over 6000 employment opportunities.
Although the EIS status of the Adani Mine is ‘approved with conditions’, controversy still surrounds the development.
Environmental concerns include the carbon emissions from the project which are estimated at between 0.53 and 0.56. These figures may exceed the limit of two degrees of global warming over the next 60 years. The potential impact on the Great Barrier Reef can also not be ignored.
With employment opportunities at the mine and surrounding infrastructure providing a much-needed injection of funds for the area, with most of the exported coal destined for India, it’s questionable whether the benefit to the Australian economy warrants the potential impact on the environment.